“Land of the Thunder Dragon.” Most Bhutanese refer to their homeland as Druk-yul, the original and still official name. Bhutan, the name given to the country by the British, is the name used for most official purposes.
The Kingdom of Bhutan sited in the eastern Himalayas with China on the southeastern border and India on the west. Bhutan’s Land oscillates considerably in altitude from just 100 meters in the lowlands to over 7000 meters in the Himalayan plateau to the north. The population is very sparse and mostly concentrated in Thimphu, the capital of Bhutan. Bhutan is a kingdom state led by both crowned heads and priests. The official language is Dzongkha, as well as numerous other dialects, although English is extensively spoken, being integrated in the educational system.
The land is prosperous in striking dissimilarity depending on the different regions offering three distinct climates. The inner Himalayas temperate, rich in forestland and populated by boar, bear, sambar, while higher Himalaya region features breathtaking mountain slopes home to a variety of different species, including blue sheep and snow leopard.
In the foot hills the climate in tropical with lush vegetation, including wild orchids as well! As bountiful wildlife; one can spot different animal species, such as deer, leopards, and tigers as well as the rare golden langur monkey. Traveling through the country must be organized by tour operators, planned and registered at the Bhutan Government. The Number of tourist allowed to visit is also limited to preserve the environment as well as the social and cultural stability.
Bhutan is very affluent culturally and historically, one can visit the country’s largest monastery in Thimphu, the national library where the holly scriptures and the books are kept or even the national museum of Bhutan in Paro where one can admire antiques, weapons of Bhutanese artifacts. Throughout the country majestic temples rise in the valleys as well as many superb ancestral homes offering spectacular views in the dramatic backdrop of Bhutan’s beautiful landscape.
The unrefined and natural beauty of the earth characterizes much of Bhutan’s environment that has made it so stunning and captivating to visitors. From the tropical plains right up to the alpine highlands, Bhutan’s environment is as diverse as its culture. The land of the thunder dragon is, today, one of the world’s top global hotspots, boasting a rich and varied biodiversity.
Bhutan has only allowed entry to foreigners for around 40 years. Entry to the country is still strictly controlled so that the traditional culture can be preserved. Tourism is still in its infancy and visitors can only enter the country on an all-inclusive tour. The King is highly respected and very protective of his people and their culture. Banning smoking in 2005 due to health issues.
Please note: It is illegal to sell or purchase tobacco products in Bhutan. Up to 200 cigarettes may be imported, on the payment of tax and import duty of 200%. You must have your customs receipt on your person if in possession of tobacco products. If you cannot produce it on demand by police you will be charged with smuggling and can expect a prison sentence of three years. Smoking is forbidden inside public spaces such as hotels, restaurants, and bars.
Travelling with a local guide, you will gain a wonderful insight into a way of life that has only just begun to change after centuries of isolation and still primarily influenced by Buddhist religion, traditions, and values. It is the unchanged way of life which makes Bhutan such a fascinating place to visit.
Dos and Don’ts and some helpful information, when you are there
It means ‘start of the mountains after Indian plains‘.
The meaning of Bhutan means ‘the start of the foothills‘.
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